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Voices on Zika: Reproductive Autonomy and Shared Decision-Making During an Evolving Epidemic

Published:December 22, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2022.11.005

      Abstract

      Introduction

      We aimed to understand the degree to which pregnant individuals exposed to emerging infections, such as Zika, are engaged by providers in shared decision-making and explore potential barriers to inform strategies to improve care for those most at risk for inequities. Studies have demonstrated that Latinx and Black people are less likely to engage in shared decision-making and are less engaged by providers. Limited research explores factors impacting shared decision-making in prenatal care and in the setting of recent epidemics.

      Methods

      We conducted an exploratory qualitative study of individuals eligible for prenatal screening owing to Zika exposure during pregnancy. Given an established connection between autonomy and shared decision-making, we used the Reproductive Autonomy Scale and the Three Talk Model for shared decision-making to inform our semistructured interview guide. Interviews were conducted in Spanish or English. and participants were recruited from a federally qualified health center and a tertiary care obstetric clinic until thematic saturation was achieved. Interviews were recorded, translated, and transcribed and two coders used modified grounded theory to generate themes.

      Results

      We interviewed 18 participants from May to December 2017. Participant narratives demonstrated reproductive autonomy in pregnancy decision-making, with decision support from families, fatalism in pregnancy planning, and limited engagement by providers around decisions and implications of Zika virus testing. Hierarchy in provider dynamics, perceived stigma around emigration and travel, and language barriers impacted participant engagement in shared decision-making.

      Conclusions

      Participants demonstrated personal autonomy in reproductive decision-making, but demonstrated limited engagement in shared decision-making with regard to prenatal Zika testing. Provider promotion of shared decision-making using culturally centered decision tools to elicit underlying beliefs and deepen context for option, choice, and decision talk is critical in prenatal counseling to support equitable outcomes during evolving pandemics.
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      Biography

      Paula Latortue-Albino, MD, is an Assistant Professor in Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Boston University Chobanian & Avedisian School of Medicine. Her interests include shared decision making with diverse populations, health disparities, and medical trainee education and mentorship.

      Biography

      Stephanie Delgado, MD, is an Assistant Professor in Obstetrics and Gynecology at University of Miami School of Medicine, and a minimally invasive gynecologic surgery specialist. Her work focuses on addressing health disparities in access to Ob/Gyn Care.

      Biography

      Rebecca Perkins, MD, MSc, is a Professor in Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Boston University Chobanian & Avedisian School of Medicine. She has extensive research experience. Her current work focuses on cervical cancer prevention in underserved populations, and the effect of cervical cancer screening guidelines on cervical dysplasia and cancer outcomes.

      Biography

      Christina Yarrington, MD, is an Assistant Professor in Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Boston University Chobanian & Avedisian School of Medicine. Her research focuses on health inequities in the detection and management of postpartum hypertension and the effects of hypertensive diseases of pregnancy in long term cardiovascular health.

      Biography

      Pooja Mehta, MD, MSHP, is the Women's Health Lead for Cityblock Health and an Attending Physician in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Boston Medical Center. Previously, she served as Interim Chief Medical Officer and then Chief of Clinical Innovation Officer of Louisiana Medicaid, and Medical Director of the Louisiana Perinatal Quality Collaborative and Maternal Mortality Review. Her research addresses health disparities in reproductive, maternal and child health and care delivery innovation.