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Impact of Years of Clinical Experience on Perceived Contraindications and Barriers to the Use of LARC: A Survey of Family Planning Providers

      Abstract

      Background

      Despite their efficacy in preventing unintended pregnancies, intrauterine devices (IUDs) are still relatively underutilized by American women. Although cost of these methods is clearly a barrier to use, IUDs have had a long and sometimes controversial history, and earlier versions were removed from the market.

      Methods

      This study explores the degree to which the length of licensure for providers is related to their attitudes toward or fears about these methods. Data come from a 2012 survey of 114 clinicians in Colorado and Iowa, collected as part of two, statewide initiatives to reduce unintended pregnancy. Providers were asked about service barriers to prescribing these methods and for which patients they perceived them to be suitable and safe.

      Results

      The most experienced clinicians were the least concerned about uterine perforation and history of the Dalkon Shield, but were more likely to fear a lawsuit over complications. More experienced clinicians were also less approving of Copper T IUDs for all 11 subgroups of women, including nulliparous women and those with histories of sexually transmitted infections. They were also less approving of hormonal IUDs for 10 groups of women, including those with histories of ectopic pregnancies. However, clinicians with the most recent licensure were more conservative in their approval of single rod implants than were the providers with the most years since licensure.

      Conclusions

      This paper explores potential reasons for these findings and suggests trainings to recognize and overcome these barriers so as to promote consistent and accurate practice across clinicians, regardless of years of experience.
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      Biography

      Ashley E. Philliber, MS, has a Master's in Human Services and is an Evaluation Coordinator at Philliber Research Associates. She has worked on a wide variety of programs, including those in unplanned and teen pregnancy prevention, journalism, employment, and community engagement.

      Biography

      Heather Hirsch, MS, has a Master's of Science in Criminal Justice and is an Evaluation Coordinator at Philliber Research Associates.

      Biography

      Louis Mortillaro, MA, has a Master's of Arts in Sociology and is support staff at Philliber Research Associates.

      Biography

      Rita Turner, MS, has a Master's of Science in Educational Administration and is an Analyst at Philliber Research Associates.

      Biography

      Abigail Arons, MPH, is a Senior Research Associate for the Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health and has an Master's in Public Health.

      Biography

      Susan Philliber, PhD, one of the founders and senior partners of Philliber Research Associates, has more than 30 years of experience in evaluation and basic research. She has her PhD in sociology and demography.